The Surrealism Website
Edgar Ende (1901-1965)




Edgar Karl Alfons Ende was born in Altona, Germany. He is considered to be among the first German surrealist painters, after Max Ernst.
He began to paint at the age of 14, and by 1920 he had already formed a certain style, largely influenced by the work of Novalis. He attended the Altona School of Arts and Crafts from 1916 to 1920. In 1931, he travelled to Italy, and saw the work of de Chirico, which had a huge impact on him.
In the 1930s he achieved international recognition, but after the arrival of the Nazis in power, his painting was catalogued as degenerate art, his works confiscated, and in 1936 the Nazis forbade him to continue to paint or exhibit his work. In 1940 he was conscripted into the Luftwaffe as an anti-aircraft artillery operator. Most of his work was destroyed by in bombing raid on Munich in 1944, making his surviving pre-war work extremely rare.
In 1951, Ende met the recognized founder of Surrealism, André Breton, who admired his work and declared him an official Surrealist. He continued to paint surrealist works until his death in 1965 of a myocardial infarction.
During his lifetime he received little recognition, although later his work was rediscovered by the art world, and his paintings became highly valued.
He was the father of the famous author of "The endless story", Michael Ende.